Investments, incentives, and innovation: geographical clustering dynamics as drivers of sustainable entrepreneurship

This study attempts to fill the literature gap regarding sustainable entrepreneurship viewed through geographical clustering lenses by examining how institutional factors such as local entrepreneurship and innovation climates, knowledge networks, policies, resource availability, and awareness affect entrepreneurial firm formation in the USA. Drawing from various theoretical views within the interdisciplinary literature on the topic, we develop cross-cluster hypotheses regarding firm formation and geographic clustering of clean-technology companies. We test them using a negative binomial random effects model in a panel sample of US clean-technology startup firms and find general support.

Cluster Entrepreneurial ecosystems Agglomeration Clean technology Knowledge spillover Sustainable entrepreneurship

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