Social Entrepreneurship as a Resource of Employment of People with Disability

Social entrepreneurship, which under certain conditions can contribute to solving the problems of employment of people with disabilities, is becoming a noticeable direction of social policy in modern Russia. The article analyzed the legislative changes aimed at implementing the new state policy towards people with disabilities, reviewed the scientific foreign and domestic literature on the use of social entrepreneurship practices by people with disabilities. The conclusion is made about the role of institutional and socio-cultural factors in the development of social entrepreneurship, which is one of the mechanisms for the implementation of social support for people with disabilities and citizens in need of social protection. The main forms of discrimination of these categories of citizens in employment and work have been identified, the legal basis for quoting places for people with disabilities has been described, problems, arising in the organization and implementation of activities in social enterprises have been described. Examples of social entrepreneurs and non-profit organizations programs,that improve the living conditions of people with disabilities, allowing creating financially sustainable business models, are given. The study interpreted data collected by the method of analyzing documents (statistical data characterizing the situation of people with disabilities in the Russian Federation, reports of state institutions, reports of the Committee on Labor and Employment of the Volgograd Region) and the method of non-formalized interview of heads of organizations of the Volgograd Region dealing with social protection of citizens employment strategies for people with disabilities (n = 32). An empirical study led to the conclusion that the measures planned by state structures to improve the situation of socially vulnerable people, including people with disabilities, are carried out without coordination with non-profit organizations that provide them with assistance.

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